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SOUTHWICK Lawrence

Male Abt 1598 - 1660  (~ 62 years)Deceased


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name  SOUTHWICK Lawrence  [1, 2, 3
    Born  Abt 1598  , , , England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Immigration  1639  [4
    Christened  24 Feb 1638/39  First Church, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Gender  Male 
    Membership  24 Mar 1638/39  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    First Church 
    Freeman  6 Sep 1639  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Party to a Legal Contract  1653  [6
    • He was listed as the overseer of William Bacon's will.
    Arrested  Sep 1657  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [7, 8
    for entertaining John Copeland and Christopher Holder 
    • Lawrence and his wife, Cassandra, were committed to prison at Boston, MA. Lawrence was released as being a member of First church, he was left to be dealt with by his congregation. Cassandra was kept in prison seven weeks and then fined forty shillings for owning a paper written by John Copeland and Christopher Holder in reference to the truth and the Scriptures. These papers were deemed as heretical.

      John Copeland and Christopher Holder were Quakers that attempted to address the people of Salem, Massachusetts, on 21 Sep 1657, after the Minister had closed. They were sent to Boston where they received thirty stripes and were imprisoned for nine weeks.

      From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 196:

      Lawrence Southwick and his wife were to be sent to Boston and confined, for entertaining Holder and Copeland. He was released to be dealt with by the Church. She was kept prisioner seven weeks and fined 40s. for approving the written opinions of her guests.
    Arrested  3 Feb 1657/58  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    for being absent from a meeting 
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 197:

      Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, and their son Josiah, having been called before William Hathorne, were confied in the house of correction and fined 4 13 for absence from meeting.
    Arrested  16 May 1658 
    for being a Quaker 
    • Arrested with his wife, Cassandra, and his son, Josiah, they were imprisoned in Boston and were kept there for twenty weeks on a charge of violating a law enacted while they were in prison.
    Arrested  29 Jun 1658  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [10, 11
    for attending a Quaker meeting 
    • The meeting took place at Nicholas Phelps' meeting house, which was in the woods 5 miles from Salem.

      From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 197-198:

      1658. June 29th. The Court being informed of a Friends' meeting, held at the house of Nickolas Phelps last Sabbath, called those there to an account. Among them were William Brend and William Leddra, who had come from England. They escaped to Newbury; but were brought back and sentenced to the house of correction in Boston. Nicholas Phelps, Lawrence Southwick and his wife, with their sons, John, Josiah, Daniel, and Provided, Samuel Shattock, Joseph Pope, Anthony Needham, Edward Wharton, Samuel Gaskin, Henry Trask and his wife, the wife of Joseph Buffum and his son Joseph, and Thomas Bracket, were tried for attending the meeting. Others, under a similar indictment, but who did not appear, were Robert Adams, the wives of Needham, Phelps, Pope, and of George Gardner. Sewall says, that Adams belonged to Newbury. Edward Harnett and others, before named, were fined to the amount of 40 19s. This, with what had been exacted of the friends here, made over 100. Hannett, aged 69, and his wife, Scicilla, aged 73, were members of the Church. She joined Dec. 1st, 1639, and he July 30th, 1643. She stands marked as removed, and he as excommunicated. Joseph Pope is recorded as being a Church member before 1636. He and his wife were excommunicated in 1662. Such excommunications were evidently for adherence to the doctrines of the Friends. Lawrence Southwick and his wife and son Josiah, Samuel Shattock, Joshua Buffum, and Samuel Gaskin, were sent to Boston, confined, and whipped. They forwarded a petition of July 16th, to the Court here for a release. Shattock and Buffum were set at liberty. The rest were kept imprisioned about 20 weeks.

      July. Most of the persons before mentioned, were called before the Magistrates to answer for absence from the Congregational meeting. Provided Southwick, besides his fine of 20s., was ordered to pay 5s. more and set in the stocks for one hour, for charging the Court as persecutors. In addition to the persons, previously arraigned, were the wives of Richard Gardner, of Isaac Page and of John Smith.
    Exiled  19 Oct 1658  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 199:

      1658. Oct 19th. The Court of Assistants assemble. Finding that the Friends increased, they order them to be banished on pain of death. They request Mr. Norton to write against their opinions. They order Lawrence Southwick and wife, and son Josiah, Samuel Shattock, Nicholas Phelps, and Joshua Buffum, who were brought before them (the last three from the house of correction at Ipswich,) to depart from Massachusetts before the next Court of Elections; and that, if refusing to do so, they shall be banished on pain of death.
    Moved  Abt May 1659  Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Salem, Essex, Massachusetts 
    • Lawrence and Cassandra moved as a result of being banished from Salem.
    Occupation  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    farmer 
    Occupation  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 4
    glass maker 
    • Lawrence was from Kingswinford, Staffordshire, England, which adjoined Oldswinford, Worcestershire, England. Oldswinford was known for its glassmaking. There is no doubt that this area is where Lawrence learned his trade.
    Religion  Quaker  [1
    Will  10 May 1659  Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [13, 14
    • Transcription:

      I, Lawrence Sethick, late of Salem in New England, now being at the house of Nathaniel Silvester, on Shelter Island, being weake in body but of sound mind and memory, do make and ordayne this my last will and testament, tenth day of fifth month, 1659.

      I first give and bequeath unto my sonne Daniel Sethick my dwelling house at Salem, with all the houses, orchards, gardens and appurtenances; and Gyle's lot, provided that John Burnell shall have a house lott on the ground at the further end of the orchard newly fenct in.

      Item. My will is that the lott which I had of Josiah Sethick shall return to him again.

      Item. I give unto John Sethick the lott next to his owne.

      Item. My will is that the great meadow which lyes at Ipswich River, fenct in, shall be divided Daniel Sethick and John Burnell equally.

      Item. I give unto Samuel Burton forty shillings.

      Item. I give unto John Burnell, if he stand faithful in the truth, two young steers and the first mare foal.

      Item. I give unto Henry Traske Marshall's lott joining to his orchard, provided that Daniel may have liberty to mow a load of hay every year thereon.

      Item. I give unto Mary Traske my daughter, wife of Henry Traske, ten pounds sterling.

      Item. I give unto Deborah Sethwick and young Josiah, each of them fifty shillings sterling.

      Item. I give unto Ann Potter forty shillings, in she thinks beneficial for her.

      Item. I give unto Mary Traske, daughter to Henry Traske, one good serge suite of clothes; and unto Sarah and Hannah each of them a suit of clothes.

      I give and bequeath unto Samuel and Sarah, John Sethick's children, to each of them thirty shillings sterling.

      Furthermore my will is that Daniel my sonne, and Provided my daughter, shall possess and enjoy all that which remains of my estate after debts and legacies paid, and my will above mentioned fulfilled, equally to be divided between them so that Daniel may have that part which belongs to husbandry.

      Lastly my will is that in case my wife survives me shee shall be my executrix and keep all possesssions during her life, and after her decease my will to be performed according as above expressed; and I do ordayne William Robinson and Thomas Gardner to be overseers of this my last will and testament, signed and sealed by me the day and year above written with my hand and seal following.

      In presence of
      Nathaniel Silvester
      Thomas Harris
      WIlliam Durand

      Signed by Lawrence Sethick

      This will was allowed by the court 29, 9 mo., 1660
      attest
      Hillard Veren, Clericus
    Died  1660  Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    • Lawrnece died three days before his wife, in the Spring of 1660.
    Age  ~ 62 years 
    Buried 
    Southwick Memorial
    Southwick Memorial
    This memorial is located at Sylvester Manor Cemetery in Shelter Island, NY. The monument was unveiled on 17 Jul 1884. No headstones mark the grave of any person who was buried on Shelter Island between 1652 and 1729. Inscribed on the west steps: "Lawrence & Casandra SOUTHWICK, Despoiled, Imprisioned, Starved, Whipped, Banished, Who fled here to die"
    Person ID  I7612  One Big Family Tree
    Last Modified  27 Jun 2013 

    Father  SOUTHWICK Edward,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Mother  SHELLEY Anne,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID  F639  Group Sheet

    Family  BURNELL Cassandra,   b. Abt 1598, , , , England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1660, Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: ~ 62 years 
    Married  25 Jan 1623/24  Kingswinford, , Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
     1. SOUTHWICK John Burnell,   b. 1620, , , Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Oct 1672, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: 52 years
     2. SOUTHWICK Ananias,   b. 1627, , , Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 17 Sep 1627, Kingswinford, , Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: ~ 0 years
     3. SOUTHWICK Mary,   b. 1630, Lancastershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1696  Age: 66 years
     4. SOUTHWICK Josiah,   b. 1632,   d. 1693  Age: 61 years
     5. SOUTHWICK Provided,   b. 1635,   d. 1640  Age: 5 years
     6. SOUTHWICK Daniel,   b. 1637, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Between 1718 and 1719, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: 81 years
     7. SOUTHWICK Provided,   b. 6 Dec 1639, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Dec 1727, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: 87 years
    Last Modified  3 Jul 2011 
    Family ID  F2784  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1598 - , , , England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 25 Jan 1623/24 - Kingswinford, , Staffordshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsChristened - 24 Feb 1638/39 - First Church, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMembership - First Church - 24 Mar 1638/39 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFreeman - 6 Sep 1639 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrested - for entertaining John Copeland and Christopher Holder - Sep 1657 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrested - for being absent from a meeting - 3 Feb 1657/58 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrested - for attending a Quaker meeting - 29 Jun 1658 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsExiled - 19 Oct 1658 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMoved - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts - Abt May 1659 - Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - farmer - - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - glass maker - - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWill - 10 May 1659 - Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1660 - Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Notes 
    • Due to the treatment the Quakers received in Salem, they withdrew from the public assemblies and met on the first day of each week, to worship quietly by themselves, for which they were fined 5 shillings a week and imprisioned. Particularly Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, who were an aged couple, and their son Joseph, were sent to the house of correction, whipped, and had their goods confiscated. Eventually the repeated fines and imprisionment caused them to live in poverty.

      On 19 Oct 1658, an order was sent to the Quakers in prison at Ipswich, Massachusetts. It stated that after many attempts to reform the Quakers, Lawrence & Cassanda Southwick, and Samuel Shattuck, would be ordered to depart the jurisdication before the first day of the next court election. If they refused to do so, they would be banished under pain of death. It was ordered that the County Court of Suffolk relay the sentence to them and release them from prison.

      Daniel and Provided Southwick, son and daughter of Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, seenig how unreasonably their honest parents and brother Josiah were dealth with, felt themselves encouraged to follow their steps and not frequent the assemblies of such a persecuting generation; for which absence they were fined ten pounds.

      When Daniel and Provided refused to pay the fine, an order was issued on 11 Mar 1659 in the General Court at Boston that they should be sold as slaves to any of the English nation at Virginia or Barbadoes to answer said fines. The order notes that they pretended not to have estates and resolved not to work. Their crime was siding with the Quakers and absenting themselves from the public ordinances. This order was not carried out, mainly because the Court could find no one that wanted to purchase the two.

      On 11 May 1659, an order was issued that Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, Josiah Southwick, Samuel Shattuck, Nicholas Phelps, having been sentened to banishment the previous October, must remove themselves from the jurisdiction prior to June 8th, or they would be apprehended by any constable or officer, after which they would be tried and found guilty of a breach of the law, and then put to death.

      On 9 Sep 1661, Josiah Southwick returned from banishment to look after his parents' property (which he found in very poor condition), and was ordered by the assistants to be stripped from his girdle upwards, tied to a cart's tail and whipped ten stripes in each of the towns of Boston, Roxbury, and Dedham, all of which are in Massachusetts. [15]

  • Sources 
    1. [S22] Historic Homes & Institutions of Worcester Co, MA, Ellery Bicknell Crane, (New York, NY: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1907.), Vol. 1: p. 111. (Reliability: 3), 13 Nov 2010.

    2. [S146] The American Genealogist Magazine, John C. Brandon and Janet Ireland Delorey, "Lawrence and Cassandra (Burnell) Southwick of Salem, Massachusetts," Vol. 71 (Oct 1996): p. 193. (Reliability: 3), 28 Apr 2011.

    3. [S146] The American Genealogist Magazine, John C. Brandon and Janet Ireland Delorey, "Lawrence and Cassandra (Burnell) Southwick of Salem, Massachusetts," Vol. 71 (Oct 1996): p. 197. (Reliability: 3), 28 Apr 2011.

    4. [S42] Genealogical & Personal Memoirs of Families of Boston and Eastern MA, William Richard Cutter, (New York, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1908.), Vol. 4: p. 2013. (Reliability: 4), 6 Apr 2010.

    5. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 68. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    6. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 69. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    7. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 8. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    8. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 196. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    9. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 197. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    10. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 197-198. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    11. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 10, 20, 57. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    12. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 199. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    13. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 9. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    14. [S146] The American Genealogist Magazine, John C. Brandon and Janet Ireland Delorey, "Lawrence and Cassandra (Burnell) Southwick of Salem, Massachusetts," Vol. 71 (Oct 1996): p. 195. (Reliability: 3), 28 Apr 2011.

    15. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 5, 9, 10, 12, 19-20, 66. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.