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SOUTHWICK Provided

Female 1639 - 1727  (87 years)Deceased


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name  SOUTHWICK Provided  [1
    Born  6 Dec 1639  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3
    Gender  Female 
    Arrested  29 Jun 1658  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    for attending a Quaker meeting 
    • The meeting took place at Nicholas Phelps' meeting house, which was in the woods 5 miles from Salem.

      From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 197-198:

      1658. June 29th. The Court being informed of a Friends' meeting, held at the house of Nickolas Phelps last Sabbath, called those there to an account. Among them were William Brend and William Leddra, who had come from England. They escaped to Newbury; but were brought back and sentenced to the house of correction in Boston. Nicholas Phelps, Lawrence Southwick and his wife, with their sons, John, Josiah, Daniel, and Provided, Samuel Shattock, Joseph Pope, Anthony Needham, Edward Wharton, Samuel Gaskin, Henry Trask and his wife, the wife of Joseph Buffum and his son Joseph, and Thomas Bracket, were tried for attending the meeting. Others, under a similar indictment, but who did not appear, were Robert Adams, the wives of Needham, Phelps, Pope, and of George Gardner. Sewall says, that Adams belonged to Newbury. Edward Harnett and others, before named, were fined to the amount of 40 19s. This, with what had been exacted of the friends here, made over 100. Hannett, aged 69, and his wife, Scicilla, aged 73, were members of the Church. She joined Dec. 1st, 1639, and he July 30th, 1643. She stands marked as removed, and he as excommunicated. Joseph Pope is recorded as being a Church member before 1636. He and his wife were excommunicated in 1662. Such excommunications were evidently for adherence to the doctrines of the Friends. Lawrence Southwick and his wife and son Josiah, Samuel Shattock, Joshua Buffum, and Samuel Gaskin, were sent to Boston, confined, and whipped. They forwarded a petition of July 16th, to the Court here for a release. Shattock and Buffum were set at liberty. The rest were kept imprisioned about 20 weeks.

      July. Most of the persons before mentioned, were called before the Magistrates to answer for absence from the Congregational meeting. Provided Southwick, besides his fine of 20s., was ordered to pay 5s. more and set in the stocks for one hour, for charging the Court as persecutors. In addition to the persons, previously arraigned, were the wives of Richard Gardner, of Isaac Page and of John Smith.
    Arrested  18 May 1660  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    for disturbing the peace 
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 206:

      *Please note that the author refers to Provided as a male.

      1600. May 18th. Provided Southwick, of the Friends, was fined 40s. for disturbing the peace at Salem. He was ordered to be imprisioned till this and other fine were paid, or to be sold.
    Died  4 Dec 1727  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Age  87 years 
    Buried  Marsh Burial Ground, West Peabody, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Submit Headstone Photo Submit Headstone Photo 
    Person ID  I1748  One Big Family Tree
    Last Modified  27 Jun 2013 

    Father  SOUTHWICK Lawrence,   b. Abt 1598, , , , England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1660, Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: ~ 62 years 
    Mother  BURNELL Cassandra,   b. Abt 1598, , , , England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1660, Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: ~ 62 years 
    Married  25 Jan 1623/24  Kingswinford, , Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F2784  Group Sheet

    Family  GASKILL Samuel,   b. 7 Jun 1639, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Oct 1720, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: 81 years 
    Married  30 Dec 1662  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 6, 7
    Children 
     1. GASKILL Samuel,   b. 23 Feb 1662/63, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1725, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: 61 years
     2. GASKILL Edward,   b. 23 Oct 1667, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. GASKILL Hannah,   b. 2 Jan 1668/69, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. GASKILL Provided,   b. 22 Apr 1672, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. GASKILL Sarah,   b. 6 Sep 1674, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. GASKILL Mary,   b. 1 Aug 1676, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. GASKILL Josiah,   b. 11 Jul 1678, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified  3 Jul 2011 
    Family ID  F637  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 6 Dec 1639 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrested - for attending a Quaker meeting - 29 Jun 1658 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrested - for disturbing the peace - 18 May 1660 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 30 Dec 1662 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 4 Dec 1727 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - < - - Marsh Burial Ground, West Peabody, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Due to the treatment the Quakers received in Salem, they withdrew from the public assemblies and met on the first day of each week, to worship quietly by themselves, for which they were fined 5 shillings a week and imprisioned. Particularly Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, who were an aged couple, and their son Joseph, were sent to the house of correction, whipped, and had their goods confiscated. Eventually the repeated fines and imprisionment caused them to live in poverty.

      On 19 Oct 1658, an order was sent to the Quakers in prison at Ipswich, Massachusetts. It stated that after many attempts to reform the Quakers, Lawrence & Cassanda Southwick, and Samuel Shattuck, would be ordered to depart the jurisdication before the first day of the next court election. If they refused to do so, they would be banished under pain of death. It was ordered that the County Court of Suffolk relay the sentence to them and release them from prison.

      Daniel and Provided Southwick, son and daughter of Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, seenig how unreasonably their honest parents and brother Josiah were dealth with, felt themselves encouraged to follow their steps and not frequent the assemblies of such a persecuting generation; for which absence they were fined ten pounds.

      When Daniel and Provided refused to pay the fine, an order was issued on 11 Mar 1659 in the General Court at Boston that they should be sold as slaves to any of the English nation at Virginia or Barbadoes to answer said fines. The order notes that they pretended not to have estates and resolved not to work. Their crime was siding with the Quakers and absenting themselves from the public ordinances. This order was not carried out, mainly because the Court could find no one that wanted to purchase the two.

      On 11 May 1659, an order was issued that Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, Josiah Southwick, Samuel Shattuck, Nicholas Phelps, having been sentened to banishment the previous October, must remove themselves from the jurisdiction prior to June 8th, or they would be apprehended by any constable or officer, after which they would be tried and found guilty of a breach of the law, and then put to death.

      On 9 Sep 1661, Josiah Southwick returned from banishment to look after his parents' property (which he found in very poor condition), and was ordered by the assistants to be stripped from his girdle upwards, tied to a cart's tail and whipped ten stripes in each of the towns of Boston, Roxbury, and Dedham, all of which are in Massachusetts. [8]

  • Sources 
    1. [S22] Historic Homes & Institutions of Worcester Co, MA, Ellery Bicknell Crane, (New York, NY: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1907.), Vol. 1: p. 111. (Reliability: 3), 13 Nov 2010.

    2. [S264] Vital Records of Salem, MA to 1849, The Essex Institute, (Salem, MA: Newcomb & Gauss, 1918.), Vol. 2: 309. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    3. [S72] Genealogical & Family History of Western NY, William Richard Cutter A.M., (New York, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1912.), Vol. 2: 730. (Reliability: 3), 19 Apr 2010.

    4. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 197-198. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    5. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 10, 20, 57. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    6. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), 69, 77. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    7. [S22] Historic Homes & Institutions of Worcester Co, MA, Ellery Bicknell Crane, (New York, NY: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1907.), Vol. 1: 256. (Reliability: 3), 19 Apr 2010.

    8. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), 5, 9, 10, 12, 19-20, 66. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.