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SOUTHWICK Josiah

Male 1632 - 1693  (61 years)Deceased


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  • Name  SOUTHWICK Josiah  [1
    Born  1632  [2
    Gender  Male 
    Arrested  3 Feb 1657/58  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    for being absent from a meeting 
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 197:

      Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, and their son Josiah, having been called before William Hathorne, were confied in the house of correction and fined 4 13 for absence from meeting.
    Arrested  Mar 1657/58  Dedham, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    for being a Quaker 
    • Josiah Southwick, John Small, and John Burton were all arrested on their way to Rhode Island to find homes for themselves and their families so that they could escape the persecution they experienced at the hands of the Puritans. They were released and resumed their journey.

      From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 197:

      1658. March. John Small, Josiah Southwick, and John Burton, belonging to this place, and to the Friends, were apprehended in Dedham, on their way to Rhode Island, to provide a place for themselves and families. They were carried before Governor in Boston, who allowed them to pursue their way by paying costs.
    Arrested  16 May 1658 
    for being a Quaker 
    • Arrested with his parents, Lawrence and Cassandra, they were imprisoned in Boston and were kept there for twenty weeks on a charge of violating a law enacted while they were in prison.
    Arrested  29 Jun 1658  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    for attending a Quaker meeting 
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 197-198:

      1658. June 29th. The Court being informed of a Friends' meeting, held at the house of Nickolas Phelps last Sabbath, called those there to an account. Among them were William Brend and William Leddra, who had come from England. They escaped to Newbury; but were brought back and sentenced to the house of correction in Boston. Nicholas Phelps, Lawrence Southwick and his wife, with their sons, John, Josiah, Daniel, and Provided, Samuel Shattock, Joseph Pope, Anthony Needham, Edward Wharton, Samuel Gaskin, Henry Trask and his wife, the wife of Joseph Buffum and his son Joseph, and Thomas Bracket, were tried for attending the meeting. Others, under a similar indictment, but who did not appear, were Robert Adams, the wives of Needham, Phelps, Pope, and of George Gardner. Sewall says, that Adams belonged to Newbury. Edward Harnett and others, before named, were fined to the amount of 40 19s. This, with what had been exacted of the friends here, made over 100. Hannett, aged 69, and his wife, Scicilla, aged 73, were members of the Church. She joined Dec. 1st, 1639, and he July 30th, 1643. She stands marked as removed, and he as excommunicated. Joseph Pope is recorded as being a Church member before 1636. He and his wife were excommunicated in 1662. Such excommunications were evidently for adherence to the doctrines of the Friends. Lawrence Southwick and his wife and son Josiah, Samuel Shattock, Joshua Buffum, and Samuel Gaskin, were sent to Boston, confined, and whipped. They forwarded a petition of July 16th, to the Court here for a release. Shattock and Buffum were set at liberty. The rest were kept imprisioned about 20 weeks.

      July. Most of the persons before mentioned, were called before the Magistrates to answer for absence from the Congregational meeting. Provided Southwick, besides his fine of 20s., was ordered to pay 5s. more and set in the stocks for one hour, for charging the Court as persecutors. In addition to the persons, previously arraigned, were the wives of Richard Gardner, of Isaac Page and of John Smith.
    Exiled  19 Oct 1658  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 199:

      1658. Oct 19th. The Court of Assistants assemble. Finding that the Friends increased, they order them to be banished on pain of death. They request Mr. Norton to write against their opinions. They order Lawrence Southwick and wife, and son Josiah, Samuel Shattock, Nicholas Phelps, and Joshua Buffum, who were brought before them (the last three from the house of correction at Ipswich,) to depart from Massachusetts before the next Court of Elections; and that, if refusing to do so, they shall be banished on pain of death.
    Arrested  9 Sep 1661  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    for returning from banishment 
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 212-213:

      1661. Sept 9th. the Court of Assitants order Josiah Southwick, who had returned from banishment, to be stripped from his girdle upward, tied to a cart's tail, and whipped ten stripes in each of the towns, Boston, Rockbury, and Dedham. Thus ordered out of Massachusetts, he came back the next day, but one, to his house in Salem.
    Fined  18 Jun 1666  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    for refusing to assist in building a fort 
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 227:

      1666. June 18th. All males, above 16, were required to aid in the making of the fort on Winter Island. [June] 26th. Some of the Friends were fined 10. Josiah and Daniel Southwick and John Blevin, refusing to pay a fine of 1 apiece, were ordered to be whipped.
    Fined  26 Nov 1667  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    for refusing to remove his hat 
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 232:

      1667. Nov 26th. As many in Salem had not taken the oath of fidelity, they were required to do it before Judge Hathorne. Josiah Southwick was sentenced to pay 10s. "for contempt of authority by keeping on his hat after he was required to put it off." Others of the Friends were fined 14. If refusing to pay or give security, they were to be confined a week in the House of Correction at Ipswich at their own cost, and the Marshal was to impress carts and horses for their safe conveyence.
    Arrested  24 Nov 1668  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    for failure to pay fines 
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 235:

      1668. Nov 24th. Some of the Friends were fined 8 10. Samuel Shattock, John Blevin, Josiah Southwick and Joshua Buffum were committed to prison one month for not paying their fines. Nathaniel Hadlock was admonished for attending a meeting of the Friends; fined 40s. for refusing to assist a constable; and to be severly whipped for declaring, that he could receive no profit from Mr. Higginson's preaching, and that the government were guilty of innocent blood. He was also to give bonds for 20 that he would keep the peace.
    Fined  18 Jul 1676  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    for bringing a speaker before the town on the Sabbath 
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 254:

      1676. July 18th. Josiah Southwick was presented for bringing the wife of John Smith to address the people, on the Sabbath to their great annoyance. He was fined 10s. and ordered to bring the wife of said Smith before the Court to-morrow or pay 30s. The wife of Henry Trask was fined 5s. for disturbing the congregation, as they came out of meeting. John Robinson was fined 10s. for being twice at the Friends' meeting. Six others were arraigned for absence from congregational worship. Thus the Friends, after a few years' respite, began to feel the severities of the law.
    Religion  4 Aug 1677  Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  [13
    • From The Annals of Salem: from its First Settlement by Joseph Barlow Felt, page 258:

      1677. Aug 4th. The Friends have a monthly meeting of men and women at the house of Josiah Southwick.
    Died  1693  [2
    Age  61 years 
    Person ID  I15034  One Big Family Tree
    Last Modified  27 Jun 2013 

    Father  SOUTHWICK Lawrence,   b. Abt 1598, , , , England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1660, Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: ~ 62 years 
    Mother  BURNELL Cassandra,   b. Abt 1598, , , , England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1660, Shelter Island, Suffolk, New York, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: ~ 62 years 
    Married  25 Jan 1623/24  Kingswinford, , Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F2784  Group Sheet

    Family  BOYCE Mary,   b. Abt 1636, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married  1658  [1, 14
    Children 
     1. SOUTHWICK Josiah, Jr.,   b. 27 Jan 1658/59, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1714, , , New Jersey, United States Find all individuals with events at this location  Age: 54 years
     2. SOUTHWICK Joseph,   b. Apr 1662,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. SOUTHWICK Mary,   b. Nov 1664, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. SOUTHWICK Hopestill,   b. 30 Aug 1678, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. SOUTHWICK Deborah,   b. 13 Jan 1655/56, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. SOUTHWICK Soloman,   b. 9 Feb 1682/83,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. SOUTHWICK Ruth,   b. 21 Feb 1673/74,   d. Yes, date unknown
     8. SOUTHWICK Jonathan,   b. 16 Oct 1670,   d. Yes, date unknown
     9. SOUTHWICK Deliverance,   b. 9 Apr 1669, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     10. SOUTHWICK Cassandra,   b. Nov 1667, Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1719  Age: ~ 51 years
    Last Modified  1 May 2013 
    Family ID  F5348  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsArrested - for being absent from a meeting - 3 Feb 1657/58 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrested - for being a Quaker - Mar 1657/58 - Dedham, Norfolk, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrested - for attending a Quaker meeting - 29 Jun 1658 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsExiled - 19 Oct 1658 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrested - for returning from banishment - 9 Sep 1661 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFined - for refusing to assist in building a fort - 18 Jun 1666 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFined - for refusing to remove his hat - 26 Nov 1667 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsArrested - for failure to pay fines - 24 Nov 1668 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsFined - for bringing a speaker before the town on the Sabbath - 18 Jul 1676 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsReligion - 4 Aug 1677 - Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, United States Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Due to the treatment the Quakers received in Salem, they withdrew from the public assemblies and met on the first day of each week, to worship quietly by themselves, for which they were fined 5 shillings a week and imprisioned. Particularly Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, who were an aged couple, and their son Joseph, were sent to the house of correction, whipped, and had their goods confiscated. Eventually the repeated fines and imprisionment caused them to live in poverty.

      On 19 Oct 1658, an order was sent to the Quakers in prison at Ipswich, Massachusetts. It stated that after many attempts to reform the Quakers, Lawrence & Cassanda Southwick, and Samuel Shattuck, would be ordered to depart the jurisdication before the first day of the next court election. If they refused to do so, they would be banished under pain of death. It was ordered that the County Court of Suffolk relay the sentence to them and release them from prison.

      Daniel and Provided Southwick, son and daughter of Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, seenig how unreasonably their honest parents and brother Josiah were dealth with, felt themselves encouraged to follow their steps and not frequent the assemblies of such a persecuting generation; for which absence they were fined ten pounds.

      When Daniel and Provided refused to pay the fine, an order was issued on 11 Mar 1659 in the General Court at Boston that they should be sold as slaves to any of the English nation at Virginia or Barbadoes to answer said fines. The order notes that they pretended not to have estates and resolved not to work. Their crime was siding with the Quakers and absenting themselves from the public ordinances. This order was not carried out, mainly because the Court could find no one that wanted to purchase the two.

      On 11 May 1659, an order was issued that Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, Josiah Southwick, Samuel Shattuck, Nicholas Phelps, having been sentened to banishment the previous October, must remove themselves from the jurisdiction prior to June 8th, or they would be apprehended by any constable or officer, after which they would be tried and found guilty of a breach of the law, and then put to death.

      On 9 Sep 1661, Josiah Southwick returned from banishment to look after his parents' property (which he found in very poor condition), and was ordered by the assistants to be stripped from his girdle upwards, tied to a cart's tail and whipped ten stripes in each of the towns of Boston, Roxbury, and Dedham, all of which are in Massachusetts. [15]

  • Sources 
    1. [S22] Historic Homes & Institutions of Worcester Co, MA, Ellery Bicknell Crane, (New York, NY: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1907.), p. 468. (Reliability: 4), 1 May 2013.

    2. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 68. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    3. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 197. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    4. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 75. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    5. [S18] One Hundred and Sixty Allied Families, John Osborne Austin, (Salem, MA: The Salem Press, 1893.), p. 51. (Reliability: 3), 13 Apr 2011.

    6. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 197-198. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    7. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 199. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    8. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 212-213. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    9. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 227. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    10. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 232. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    11. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 235. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    12. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 254. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    13. [S311] The Annals of Salem, Joseph B. Felt, (Salem, MA: W. & S.B. Ives, 1827.), p. 258. (Reliability: 3), 4 Jan 2011.

    14. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 74. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.

    15. [S23] Descendents of Lawrence & Cassandra Southwick, James M. Caller and Mrs. M. A. Ober, (Salem, MA: J.H. Choate & Co., 1881.), p. 5, 9, 10, 12, 19-20, 66. (Reliability: 3), 29 Mar 2010.